DFID's approach supports targeted cost-effective interventions and seeks to ensure that these interventions support the longer term development of a health system fit to meet the needs of the population. In some circumstances this means supporting private sector providers (for-profit or non-profit, formal or informal) to deliver more good quality essential health commodities and services to poor people, and helping to strengthen the capacity of governments to regulate these provides and to finance use of the services by the poor.
The International Development Committee has decided to undertake an inquiry into this topic to examine how effectively in practice DFID is implementing its objectives.The steering committee of the Future Health Systems research consortium prepared written evidence for submission to the committee. In our response we highlighted four four critical health systems strengthening areas:
- scaling effective interventions - DFID has emphasised generating rigorous evidence about interventions. However, much of this evidence describes whether an intervention has worked, with less attention given to why. Our experience has led us away from a model of linear scaling up of proven ideas toward treating health systems as complex adaptive systems.
- engaging health markets - health markets have spread quickly. The important question is not should DFID be engaging with these health market systems, but rather howbest to do so.
- unlocking community assets for health - community members are often the best experts to consult on the most effective strategies for improving their health. The empowerment of community members, however, needs to be matched by accountability mechanisms to the communities.
- building capacity - FHS puts capacity development at the heart of health systems strengthening. Without local research capacity, iterative cycles of learning and implementation would be impossible to maintain.